Bullet train in India, current status and all about bullet trains

bullet train india

India’s first bullet train will start its operation in 2023.

A diamond quadrilateral of bullet trains to connect the four major cities of Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, and Chennai. The trains on these routes will have a speed of about 160km-200km per hour.

Bullet Train Project Cost in India

Each bullet train will cost 60,000 crores (Sixty thousands crores only ).

The project will cost the country Rs 10 lakh crores. According to the Detailed Project Report (DPR), 25% of the proposed construction will be on the elevated corridor, 64% of the work on the surface (mostly embankments), and 6% as tunnels. This includes the 21-km undersea tunnel between Thane and Virar in Mumbai. If the entire 508-km Mumbai Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail (HSR) corridor is built on an elevated stretch it would avoid many legal and environmental hurdles regarding land construction of the elevated corridor will be costlier per km, but it may save on the cost of land acquisition and delay overruns.

Similarly, the engineering challenges won’t be few but Japanese expertise in constructing tunnels under the seabed would come in handy.

Japan and the UK have undersea tunnels. The 53.85 km Seikan Tunnel in Japan is the longest one followed by the 50.5 km Channel Tunnel between the UK and France.

Current Status of Trains In India

Our trains probably are the most outdated design in the world today where one or two locomotives pull un-powered coaches along the tracks from the front. This system was in vogue all over the world until the end of the last century, but since then all have moved on to the trainset or multiple unit model for their long-distance and intercity trains.

What are “Bullet Trains”?

Bullet Train

Bullet Train” is a nickname that was given for the first High-Speed Trains of Japan, the O Series trains on the Shinkansen.

The term is not officially used anywhere in the world. (Shinkansen bullet trains are considered to be among the fastest trains in the world.)

The European Union gives the definition for High-Speed Rail as rolling stock (rakes) traveling at a minimum of 250 kph on tracks specially built for high-speed trains or at a minimum of 200 kph on existing tracks upgraded for high-speed trains, with rolling stock certified fit for at least 200 kph speeds.

Technically, most HSTs are EMUS or Electric Multiple Units are just like our local and Metro trains but on a much grander scale with unique technology such as articulated bogies seen on trains manufactured by Al Strom (TGV, Thalys, Eurostar, RENFE, Treni Italia).

Starting high-speed railways in India is not as simple as just buying high-end train sets, plonking them on our rails, and start running at 200 kph because high-speed rail is more about the track than it is about the train running on it.

The highest speed for our trains touch only 110 kph, but the newer locomotives and coaches are capable of doing up to 160 kph.

For high-speed railways to operate safely and efficiently, all track and associated infrastructure have to be rebuilt or upgraded to support trains running at high speeds of high speeds without failing.

But the basic requirements of high-speed rail tracks are dedicated, fenced-in tracks, CW rails, absence of tight curves, etc.

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